International Journal for Asian Contemporary Research, 1(4): 156-161
Estimation of the Phosphorus Sorption and Saturation in the Eastern Surma-Kusiyara Floodplain and Gopalganj-Khulna Bill Soil of Bangladesh
Received: 06 October || 2021; Accepted: 03 Nobember, 2021 || Published: 05 Nobember, 2021
A b s t r a c t
Annual P application rates should be in equilibrium with the rate of P sorption by soil to ensure enough P in the soil for optimal crop production. So, an experiment was carried out to determine and compare the effect of solution P concentrations on P sorption/desorption in the soils of Eastern Surma-Kusiyara Floodplain and Gopalganj-Khulna Bill. Five samples were collected from cultivated rice fields at 0-15 cm soil depth in each site and analyzed. Phosphorus adsorption isotherms were constructed using standardized phosphorus adsorption isotherm procedure. Phosphorus in solution was analyzed spectrophotometrically using the ascorbic acid method. The sorption phosphorus amount (Psorbed) was calculated as the difference between the initial amount of P added and the amount in the equilibrium solution. Phosphorus desorption happened in 1, 2, 4 µg P ml-1 solution whereas phosphorus adsorption found in 16, 25, 50, 100 & 150 µg P ml-1 solution. The results show that increasing the concentration of solution P increased P retention onto soil significantly. Maximum phosphorus adsorption capacity (MPAC) (17.24 µg g-1) was found in agro ecological zone 14 soil in respect of adsorption energy. The P saturation of different agroecological zone 14 and agroecological zone 20 soils were 6.33 and 6.10%. The studied sample’s phosphorus saturation index demonstrated a far below threshold critical limit of 25. As a result, the application of P fertilizer or manure in our studied soils is environmentally safe.
*Corresponding author: Soil Science Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, Mymenshing, Bangladesh. Email: [email protected]
Copyright information: Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
To cite this article: Hossain, M.B., Sarker, R.R., and Islam, M. (2021). Estimation of the Phosphorus Sorption and Saturation in the Eastern Surma-Kusiyara Floodplain and Gopalganj-Khulna Bill Soil of Bangladesh. International Journal for Asian Contemporary Research, 1 (4): 156-161.
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